Heard Island and McDonald Islands

(territory of Australia)

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Location: Southern Africa, islands in the Indian Ocean, about two-thirds of the way from Madagascar to Antarctica

Geographic coordinates: 53 06 S, 72 31 E

Map references: Antarctic Region

  total: 412 sq km
  land: 412 sq km
  water: 0 sq km

Area - comparative: slightly more than 2 times the size of Washington, DC

Land boundaries: 0 km

Coastline: 101.9 km

Maritime claims
  exclusive fishing zone: 200 nm
  territorial sea: 3 nm

Climate: antarctic

Terrain: Heard Island - bleak and mountainous, with a quiescent volcano; McDonald Islands - small and rocky

Elevation extremes
  lowest point: Southern Ocean 0 m
  highest point: Big Ben 2,745 m

Natural resources: none

Land use
  arable land: 0%
  permanent crops: 0%
  permanent pastures: 0%
  forests and woodland: 0%
  other: 100%

Irrigated land: 0 sq km (1993)

Natural hazards: Heard Island is dominated by a dormant volcano called Big Ben

Environment - current issues: NA

Geography - note: primarily used for research stations


Population: uninhabited (July 2000 est.)


Country name
  conventional long form: Territory of Heard Island and McDonald Islands
  conventional short form: Heard Island and McDonald Islands

Data code: HM

Dependency status: territory of Australia; administered from Canberra by the Department of the Environment, Sport and Territories

Legal system: NA

Diplomatic representation in the US: none (territory of Australia)

Diplomatic representation from the US: none (territory of Australia)

Flag description: the flag of Australia is used


Economy - overview: no economic activity



Ports and harbors: none; offshore anchorage only


Military - note: defense is the responsibility of Australia

Transnational Issues

Disputes - international: none


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